A client connects to the proxy server, requesting some service, such as a file, connection, web page, or other resource available from a different server and the proxy server evaluates the request as a way to simplify and control its complexity.
Proxies were invented to add structure and encapsulation to distributed systems. Today proxies are used for many purposes in our computing environment.
Standard Deployment for Proxy Servers
Proxy servers are used to connect to the internet. They can be used for a variety of purposes, like security, privacy, and anonymity.
A proxy server is a computer that sits between your computer and the internet. It can be either an individual machine or a part of a larger network, like an office or company’s local area network (LAN).
The proxy server acts as a middleman for your requests for web pages. When you type in google.com into your browser’s address bar, it sends the request to the proxy server first. The proxy then contacts Google and retrieves the webpage back from it before sending it back to you. This way, your IP address is hidden from Google’s servers and you appear as if you are connecting from somewhere else on the Internet.Proxy servers are also useful for speeding up webpages that you visit frequently, such as your Facebook or Twitter profiles. These two websites may show you promotional advertisements or other content that you didn’t request when they track your browsing history. A proxy server shields this information from Facebook and Twitter so they can provide their services without interrupting your experience .VPNs are not always the best solution, however. Sometimes they log your browsing history and, if this isn't an issue for you, you can use a proxy server to bypass this issue.
Setting up a Proxy Server on your Computer or Network
A proxy server is a computer system that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers. A client connects to the proxy server, then requests some service, such as a file, connection, web page, or other resource available from a different server and the proxy server evaluates the request as a way to simplify and control its complexity.
A home-based proxy server is more likely to be used by one person than by many people. A home-based proxy can be used for caching purposes or to provide anonymity on the internet. For example, if you have your own website that you want people to visit but don't want them to know your actual IP address, you can set up your own home-based proxy and use it in place of your IP address when accessing your website.
Tips for Using Proxies with Tor Browser
Tor is a free software that helps to defend against traffic analysis, a form of network surveillance that threatens personal freedom and privacy, confidential business activities and relationships, and state security.
In any case it is better to use private proxies, such type could be easily found by googling, still there is some really trusted proxy providers, such as https://proxy-sale.com/en/ for example.
Tor Browser is the most popular way to use Tor on Windows, MacOSX, Linux, or Android. It can be used with or without proxy settings. Proxies are useful when you need to access web sites which are blocked in your country.